||Fallen Timbers Battlefield Today
The Fallen Timbers Battlefield is both historical and new. It was the site of a famous and important event in American history. Yet the exact location where the 1794 battle between General Anthony Wayne’s army and a confederacy of American Indian tribes took place was discovered more than 200 years later.
The Battle of Fallen Timbers was one of four major engagements during the “Indian Wars” period of 1790-1795 and is regarded as one of the most significant US military actions in the period between the Revolution and the War of 1812.
Preserving the Fallen Timbers Battlefield is important to commemorate and learn about military and social events that took place in the Maumee Valley that led directly to Ohio becoming a state.
For more than 70 years, a monument to the battle has stood on a bluff overlooking the Maumee River. Many speculated that the battle took place on the high spot and the floodplain below. But G. Michael Pratt, an anthropologist and faculty member at Heidelberg College, theorized that the battle occurred about a quarter-mile away.
In 1995, Pratt conducted the first archaeological survey in a farm field at the northwest corner of the intersection of US 24 and US 23/I-475 in Maumee, Ohio. A significant number of artifacts dating to the late 1700s supported his theory, and subsequent surveys revealed additional evidence that intense fighting took place on the site.
At the same time, a group of citizens called the Fallen Timbers Battlefield Preservation Commission organized to advocate for the battlefield’s protection.
In 2000, Metroparks of the Toledo area reached an agreement to buy a 187-acre site considered to be a key portion of the battlefield site.
The same year, Congress established the Fallen Timbers Battlefield and Fort Miamis National Historic Site and designated it as an Affiliated Unit of the National Park Service.
The purposes of Fallen Timbers Battlefield and Fort Miamis National Historic Site, according to the legislation, is to recognize, preserve and interpret U.S. military history and Native American culture between 1794 and 1813, and to create links between three separate historic places:
-The 185-acre Fallen Timbers Battlefield site, the battleground where General Wayne and the native confederacy led by Shawnee Chief Tecumseh, Little Turtle and Blue Jacket, fought the Battle of Fallen Timbers in 1794. The battle secured Ohio and the Northwest Territory for U.S. settlement.
-Fort Miamis, which was occupied by General Anthony Wayne’s legion from 1796 to 1798 and later was the site of a battle in the War of 1812.
-And the Fallen Timbers Monument, which memorializes the battle and the combatants: General Wayne, the American Indians and the Kentucky Militia.
Metroparks completed buying the property with local, state and federal funds in the fall of 2001. Immediately, The Fallen Timbers Advisory Commission was formed to plan the future of the historic site. The commission has submitted a draft General Management Plan to the National Park Service.
Fallen Timbers Battlefield Advisory Commission:
American Indian Intertribal Association
City of Maumee
Fallen Timbers Battlefield Preservation Commission
Maumee Valley Heritage Corridor
Lucas County Maumee Valley Historical Society
Ohio Historical Society
National Park Service
Metroparks of the Toledo Area
Significance of the National Historical Site
-These sites are where the ultimate control of the Old Northwest occurred leading to statehood for Ohio and four other states.
-The confederacy of American Indian tribes that participated in the battle was the most long-lasting native confederacy.
-Gen. Wayne’s victory at the battle was the first successful federal military campaign after the Revolution.
-The battle was the site of an international confrontation between the United States and Great Britain and allied Indian nations.
-The battle resulted in the loss of the Indian homeland and eventual loss of control of “old Northwest.”
-Fort Miamis was the site of British incursion after the Revolution into American territory.
-Fort Miamis was an architecturally significant type of fort rarely built on the American frontier; some of the original earthworks remain.
-These were the sites of actions of several people important to American and Indian history after the Battle of Fallen Timbers, including Harrison, St. Clair, Wayne, Wilkinson, Tecumseh, Little Turtle, William Campbell, Simcoe and Wells.
-Fort Miamis represents the site of a major British invasion of War of 1812.
-Fort Miamis is the site of Dudley’s Massacre and Tecumseh’s saving of American prisoners.
-Fort Miamis is the central location of the 12-mile reserve that fostered early American incursion (1812).
-Fort Miamis and the Fallen Timbers Battlefield are likely to yield significant archaeological artifacts.
-The Fallen Timbers Monument site expresses a long time effort to memorialize events of Fallen Timbers.
-The monument site is a symbol of recognition and reconciliation for American Indians.